Top Reasons for Joint Diseases in the Elderly
With age, the human musculoskeletal system undergoes significant changes. In older people, the amount of muscle mass changes, as muscles without intense physical work become flabby and atrophied. Cartilage is not so elastic, it tends to get thinner and thinner with age. The process of sliding bones is disturbed due to the roughness of the cartilage tissue. The entire articular cartilage is modified, the tendons and articular bags are deformed due to the deposition of calcium salts. In addition, the thinning of the bones make them fragile and vulnerable. Thus, changes in the body of an elderly person make it more susceptible to injury.
Previously sustained injuries are usually a common cause of joint disorders in old age. While recovering, the body slightly changes the affected tissue. And if the injuries are permanent, then it will inevitably lead to the development of joint diseases in old age. Who else besides athletes is at risk? Those whose professional activities involve the repetition of monotonous movements, excessive physical stress on the joints.
In old age, hormonal imbalance reduces bone density which provokes a violation of the proper operation of the joints. Endocrine arthritis may further lead to greater issues in an elderly person because its root cause is the disruption of the endocrine glands. Women in the period of menopause should pay attention to the likelihood of joint disease (infectious or dystrophic) due to hormonal changes. It is clear that excessive physical load on the connecting blocks wears them prematurely that results in the violation of their functions and joint diseases in the elderly.
How can joint disease in older people be associated with a sedentary lifestyle? It’s simple: with age, physical activity decreases, and therefore, due to poor blood circulation, cartilage tissue does not receive adequate nutrition. Each case of the joint disease in the elderly should be considered separately. Chronic stress, an unsuitable climate, environmental problems and poor nutrition of the elderly can provoke exacerbation. About Medigap for Older Adults: They’re essentially Medicare supplement plans https://www.medicareadvantage2019.org/ which allow seniors in the US cover additional expenditures some of which include copay, deductible, etc. Thus, these policies tend to act as supplements to your Original Medicare policy which includes Part A as well as Part B.